The Library was established in 1928 as part of the Department for Economic Studies of the National Bank of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians. Its book fund was later supplemented by collections provided by the Ministry of Finance and the State Investment Bank, which comprised financial and statistical reports of the Funds Administration, annual reports, codes and laws of the Privileged National Bank of the Kingdom of Serbia, the National Bank of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians and the National Bank of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In addition, the Library has also kept original issues of the first Serbian journal, Serbian Newspaper (Srpske novine, from 1871 until 1918), National Newspaper (Narodne novine, from 1919 until 1941), as well as all official gazettes of the FPRY, SFRY, FRY, SCG and RS.
The Library contains a vast range of domestic and foreign technical literature, classified in several funds: monographic publications, reference books, serial publications, annual reports of central banks and other international financial organizations, central banks’ bulletins, official gazettes and international agreements, daily and weekly newspapers and non-book materials.
In line with the scope of activity of the institution to which it belongs, the Library acquires publications in the field of macroeconomy and microeconomy, monetary and fiscal policy, banking, finance, accounting and auditing, management, marketing, statistics, law, history and sociology.
In a bulletin of newly acquired books and received magazines, the Library regularly informs its users of current acquisitions, whereas a selective bibliography of articles presents current material from serial publications to users.
Within the program of assistance for the South East European region–The World Bank IFC/SEAD - Depository and Regional Library Program – the World Bank chose the Library of the National Bank of Serbia as the regional library. This status involves the acquisition, special processing and keeping of World Bank publications, as well as the requirement to enable widest possible public access to such publications.
The book fund of the Library is used primarily by the employees of the National Bank of Serbia, and persons employed in other banks and financial institutions, government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, scientific researchers, university professors and students.